예약금없는출장샵
  • 김제탑 클래스
  • 천안출장샵
  • 천안출장샵
  • 평택울산 삼산동 출장
  • 김제출장샵✈예약┴김제정읍 안마방《김제충주 마사지》┿<김제신도림 안마방>✍김제성대역 안마방♐김제안마방 예약↬김제안마방 무료야동✓김제모유 마사지✏김제안마방 어플

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    평택출장샵
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    김제출장샵╩출장부르는법ヨ김제정읍 안마방《김제jav 마사지》◎<김제고관절 마사지>❈김제안마방 창업↾김제동암역 마사지┘김제강동구 마사지㍿김제안마방 가는법◢김제콜걸

    The governments of more than 190 nations 충청북도콜걸 후기 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    김제출장샵▤예약금없는출장샵▶김제정읍 안마방《김제서울 조건 만남》⊙<김제유성 마사지>↕김제포천 마사지▶김제평택 모텔 추천♞김제태국 에스코트⇇김제안마방 알바 구하는법ラ김제안마방 ssul

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    김제출장샵➨출장부르는법⇀김제정읍 안마방《김제천안 만남》╎<김제스포츠 마사지 후기>✖김제오피┧김제안마방 미러ネ김제마사지 품번 추천»김제눈 마사지 기계➼김제피부 마사지

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 서울출장샵 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    김제출장샵⇣출장부르는법♡김제정읍 안마방《김제안마방 혼자》↖<김제진주 마사지>┹김제광주 여관♡김제일산 모텔 가격▒김제국노♟김제만수동 마사지✤김제천안 카페

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 나주마사지 몰카 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    김제출장샵ν예약금없는출장샵☳김제정읍 안마방《김제출장몸매최고》★<김제하이퐁 마사지>♔김제안마방 키스ラ김제호텔 출장﹌김제남친이랑 마사지◢김제안마방 가격➵김제국산 안마방

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 창원출장샵 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    김제출장샵김제다낭 밤문화 마사지

  • 담양안마방 교복
  • 김제마사지 레전드
  • 김제출장샵
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    김제출장샵☆예약£김제정읍 안마방《김제안산 대딸방》♨<김제전주 안마방>✈김제붕따우 마사지↺김제일본인 안마방〓김제포항 여관→김제구리 안마방╝김제연예인 안마방

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 성남목 마사지 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 구미출장안마 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    카지노사이트
    곡성동래 마사지 dhc2016.xyz 담양왕십리 안마방
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 구미출장안마 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    김제출장샵↘24시출장샵☵김제정읍 안마방《김제블라디보스톡 마사지》╙<김제광주 마사지>▶김제연수동 안마방⇚김제공유 마사지セ김제트레이너 마사지﹃김제제주시청 마사지☽김제흑인 마사지

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 마산구의동 안마방 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    김제출장샵┸출장부르는법✄김제정읍 안마방《김제대구 커플 동영상》↺<김제광대뼈 축소 마사지>⇗김제근육통 마사지✄김제마사지 맛사지┗김제제주도 마사지◎김제신원동 마사지✡김제용인 수지 마사지

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 대전출장샵 .

    진안제주도 마사지
    장성라페스타 안마방 울산출장안마 여수림프 마사지 금기 사항
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    김제출장샵➵예약금없는출장샵オ김제정읍 안마방《김제눈 커지는 마사지》ⓛ<김제평촌 안마방>★김제까치산 안마방▒김제안마⇞김제헬로우 드림▦김제군자역 안마방➺김제여자 안마방

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 포항출장샵 .

    김제출장샵╯24시출장샵╰김제정읍 안마방《김제여관 콜》☭<김제역삼동 마사지>モ김제안마방 건마☇김제성남 안마방ε김제새로운 안마방 아가씨 토렌트☪김제동인천 마사지♣김제남성 마사지

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 창원출장샵 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 보령출장태국마사지 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    김제출장샵◈예약┅김제정읍 안마방《김제라오스 마사지》❉<김제금천구 안마방>╥김제갓비비 마사지✍김제다낭 마사지 가격☳김제동래 마사지☠김제에이미 안마방╖김제자지 마사지

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    김제출장샵↶예약금없는출장샵⚘김제정읍 안마방《김제가평 안마방》✍<김제안마방 핸드폰>┉김제진주시 안마방オ김제안마방 휴게텔ユ김제안마방 오르가즘⇍김제스웨디시 마사지 단점⇚김제안산 안마방

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 김해서양 마사지 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 바카라사이트 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 창원출장샵 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 평택합정 마사지 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 서울출장안마 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    김제출장샵┉예약금없는출장샵☼김제정읍 안마방《김제마카오 마사지》☆<김제부평 마사지 샵>◇김제부산 서면 모텔▧김제태국 전립선 마사지⊙김제타이 출장 마사지ク김제상봉 안마방★김제출장 안마

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 바카라사이트 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 대구출장안마 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 목포출장안마 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    김제출장샵║예약♠김제정읍 안마방《김제수원역 마사지》☀<김제용원 안마방>0김제안마방 터치☲김제출장소이스홍성♂김제카톡 조건メ김제출장아가씨◀김제여성 전용 아로마 마사지

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    부여엄지 눈 근육 마사지
    카지노사이트 오산안마방 휴게텔 군산출장샵
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    김제출장샵▶출장부르는법χ김제정읍 안마방《김제안마방 인증》♗<김제푸켓 크리스틴 마사지>◐김제타이마사지 섹스♖김제단양 안마방↚김제안마방 엄마❖김제창동역 마사지◤김제타이마사지 팁 서비스

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.김제출장샵김제출장만족보장◙김제전민동 마사지┠<김제포항 여관>김제선입금 없는 출장 만남☀김제목 마사지▽김제마사지 야동 토렌트➢김제영통 마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ✒서울출장안마예약금없는출장샵김제분당 마사지 추천♔김제사우나 마사지╎《김제코코넛오일 마사지》김제향남 마사지┪김제태백 마사지╜김제안마방 단발π김제상무지구 마사지█김제출장샵인천포항 북구 안마방김제tumblr 안마방✃김제의정부 안마방 추천♘《김제안마방 전화기록》김제남편 마사지➹김제용암동 모텔⇖김제마사지☏김제베이징 안마방☁김제소프 마사지■김제검빛 경마 검색⇘[김제고현 안마방]김제안마방 정액▧김제안동 마사지↮김제울산 마사지モ김제금천구 안마방╗김제초대남 마사지╗김제칠곡 마사지⇘<김제천안 오피스>김제부산 출장안마┋김제용산역 마사지█김제간석동 안마방⇛김제춘천 안마방⇟김제일본 성인 마사지┍김제생리통 완화 마사지⊙﹛김제비엔티엔 마사지﹜김제서혜부 마사지 효능ノ김제안마방 다녀온♭김제아산 출장 만남◊김제출장 조건웃출장부르는법구미천안역 근처 모텔예약김제일본식 마사지♔김제마사지 ㅅㅅ](김제안마방 입에 사정)김제부산 연산동 안마방☼김제마사지 교육↧김제평택 마사지╟김제순천 중국 마사지⇛김제출장샵김제출장샵목포출장샵김제출장샵추천김제신사역 마사지김제삼성역 안마방김제마사지 핸플김제출장샵김제안마방 야간☻김제하노이 vip 마사지㍿〖김제마사지 ㅁㅎㅎ〗김제신림 안마방┖김제대림동 마사지✆김제춘천 마사지 후기◎김제사당 안마방╊영광손목터널증후군 마사지

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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